Table 1—

Age-adjusted characteristics* of women (116,316) by diabetes status, the Nurses’ Health Study, 1976–2002

CharacteristicWithout diabetesType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
n105,24730310,766
Age (years)53.8 ± 10.352.4 ± 10.355.3 ± 10.0
Age at stroke (years)67.8 ± 8.363.4 ± 8.067.6 ± 7.3
Height (cm)163.6 ± 8.4163.3 ± 12.1163.3 ± 9.0
BMI at age 18 (kg/m2)21.2 ± 2.921.4 ± 3.222.4 ± 3.8
BMI (kg/m2)25.0 ± 4.624.3 ± 4.829.8 ± 6.0
Weight change since age 18 (kg)2.0 ± 11.10.68 ± 11.35.9 ± 13.2
Duration of diabetes (years)31.4 ± 14.311.4 ± 9.5
Daily alcohol intake (g)6.0 ± 10.24.6 ± 9.73.4 ± 8.0
Physical activity (h/week)3.0 ± 2.42.7 ± 2.42.6 ± 2.2
Incident cases of myocardial infarction1.46.34.0
Prevalent and incident cases of high blood pressure25.235.950.4
Prevalent and incident cases of high cholesterol25.029.434.0
Aspirin use40.241.243.1
Current smoker19.119.019.9
Postmenopausal56.158.658.5
Postmenopausal hormone use23.828.625.7
  • Data are means ± SD or %.

  • *

    * Values were calculated over person-time of the entire follow-up period and adjusted to the age distribution of the study population.