Table 1—

Distributions for factors associated with mortality in the TRIAD population, 2000–2004

CharacteristicPercent distribution of characteristics in the TRIAD cohortPercent distribution of characteristics in decedents (all causes)
n8,733791
Age61 ± 1369 ± 11
Sex (male)4,061 (47)428 (54)
Race or ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic white3,673 (42)404 (51)
    Hispanic1,419 (16)97 (12)
    African American1,453 (17)152 (19)
    Asian/Pacific Islander1,413 (16)77 (10)
    Other775 (9)61 (8)
Education
    Some high school or less2,090 (24)281 (35)
    High school graduate2,551 (29)228 (29)
    Some college2,478 (28)187 (24)
    College graduate or more1,614 (18)95 (12)
Income
    <$15,0002,740 (31)372 (47)
    $15,000–$40,0002,200 (25)260 (33)
    $40,000–$75,0002,192 (25)107 (14)
    >$75,0002,180 (25)52 (7)
Duration of diabetes (years)
    <94,293 (49)274 (35)
    ≥94,440 (51)517 (65)
Diabetes treatment
    Diet or exercise only673 (8)65 (9)
    Oral medication5,367 (61)397 (50)
    Oral medication plus insulin1,069 (12)112 (14)
    Insulin only1,624 (19)217 (28)
BMI (kg/m2)
    <261,803 (21)223 (28)
    ≥26 to <302,289 (26)193 (24)
    ≥30 to <352,366 (27)213 (27)
    ≥352,275 (26)162 (20)
Currently some or every day smoker1,604 (18)163 (21)
Hypertension6,224 (71)643 (81)
Dyslipidemia4,599 (53)383 (48)
Macrovascular disease2,977 (34)510 (65)
Retinopathy1,559 (18)210 (27)
Nephropathy1,620 (19)240 (30)
Peripheral neuropathy1,511 (17)204 (26)
Charlson index
    <1331 (4)10 (1)
    ≥1 to <22,940 (34)96 (12)
    ≥2 to <32,538 (29)148 (19)
    ≥32,924 (33)537 (68)
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).