Table 2—

RRs (95% CI) for type 2 diabetes according to quintiles of the AHEI

Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5Ptrend
Cases1,2731,2021,052946710
Age and energy adjusted10.86 (0.79–0.93)0.71 (0.65–0.77)0.60 (0.55–0.65)0.41 (0.37–0.45)<0.0001
Multivariate*10.93 (0.86–1.01)0.84 (0.77–0.91)0.78 (0.72–0.85)0.64 (0.58–0.71)<0.0001
Multivariate + WHR10.96 (0.85–1.08)0.87 (0.77–0.99)0.89 (0.78–1.01)0.76 (0.66–0.88)<0.0001
  • *

    * Adjusted for age, energy intake, smoking, BMI (continuous and quadratic term), physical activity, family history, menopausal status, and postmenopausal hormone use.

  • Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) analysis limited to those with waist and hip information in 1986. Cohort, n = 46,412; cases, n = 2,482.