Table 1—

Comparison of patient profiles, diabetes care indicators, and A1C values between diabetic smokers and age-, sex-, and race-matched diabetic nonsmokers

Diabetic smokerDiabetic nonsmokerP
n2,2612,261
Demographics
    Age (years)54.2 ± 13.254.9 ± 13.50.078
    Sex
Male44.844.81.000
Female55.255.2
    Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic white70.070.01.000
Non-Hispanic black15.315.3
American Indian1.51.5
Asian and Pacific0.70.7
Hispanic11.711.7
Other0.80.8
    Health insurance status
Uninsured14.710.7<0.001
Medicare25.223.8
Medicaid24.013.9
Private plan36.151.6
    Current diabetes medication
Oral and insulin10.910.90.452
Insulin only11.314.5
Oral only59.357.5
None18.517.1
    Years since diabetes diagnosis6.7 ± 7.27.1 ± 8.00.079
    BMI (kg/m2)31.9 ± 7.732.8 ± 7.7<0.001
Diabetes care indicators (insurance status adjusted)
    A1C test last year
≥248.957.4<0.001
126.822.5
024.320.1
    Professional foot check last year
≥239.647.8<0.001
121.421.1
039.031.1
    Dilated eye exam last year
Yes60.968.1<0.001
No39.131.8
    Flu shot last year
Yes52.262.8<0.001
No47.837.1
    Pneumococcal shot ever
Yes38.042.70.141
No62.057.4
    Latest A1C value8.2 ± 2.27.7 ± 2.0<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD or percentages unless otherwise indicated.