Table 3—

Strategies to prevent diabetes and its complications, 1980

ProblemInterventions% PreventablePreventable cases/year
Type 2 diabetesDiet and exercise50293,000
StrokeBlood pressure8519,000
Coronary heart diseaseBlood pressure, smoking, lipids4538,000
Peripheral vascular diseaseBlood pressure, smoking6024,000
BlindnessLaser603,500
End-stage renal diseaseBlood pressure502,000
AmputationsBlood pressure, smoking, glycemia5015,000
  • Adapted with permission from ref. 30.