Table 1—

Characteristics of cohort studies examining the relation between BMI and GDM

CitationCountryType and source of cohort, study periodGDM prevalence (%)Cohort sizeBMI/weight categories (kg/m2)
NormalOverweightObeseSeverely obese
Baeten, 2001U.S.Prospective cohort from birth certificate records, 1992–19962.196,80120–24.925–29.9≥30NA
Berkowitz, 1992U.S.Prospective cohort from medical center database, 1987–19893.210,187<27.327.3–32.2≥32.3NA
Bianco, 1998U.S.Retrospective cohort from medical center perinatal database, 1988–19954.811,92619–27NA>35NA
Brennand, 2005CanadaRetrospective cohort from medical records of Cree women, 1994–200018.660318.5–24.925–29.9≥30NA
Callaway, 2006AustraliaRetrospective cohort from hospital obstetric database, 1998–20022.011,25220.01–2525.01–3030.01–40>40
Di Cianni, 2003ItalyRetrospective cohort from university department medical records, 1995–20018.73,950<2525–29≥30NA
Dyck, 2002CanadaProspective cohort from survey and hospital records of aboriginal and nonaboriginal women, 19983.91,61220–24.925–29.9≥30NA
Dye, 1997U.S.Retrospective population-based birth registry, 1995–19962.912,53819.8–26.026.1–29.029.1–33.0>33.0
Galtier-Dereure, 1995FranceRetrospective cohort from obstetrics department medical records, 1990–199319.916618–24.925–29.930–34.9≥35
Grossetti, 2004FranceRetrospective cohort from maternity ward medical records, 2002–20032.02,49620–25NANA>40
Harris, 1997CanadaRetrospective cohort from hospital medical records of Ojibwa-Cree women, 1990–19939.571919.8–24.925–29.9≥30NA
Kumari, 2001United Arab EmiratesRetrospective cohort from maternity unit medical records, 1996–19989.848822–28NANA≥40
Michlin, 2000IsraelRetrospective cohort from hospital medical records, August 1995–November 19953.633419.8–26NA>29NA
Ogunyemi, 1998U.S.Retrospective cohort of low-income African-American women from hospital medical records, 1990–19952.658219.8–2626.1–29>29NA
Raatikainen, 2006FinlandRetrospective cohort from a university hospital, 1989–20012.625,601≤2526–29≥30NA
Ramos, 2005U.S.Retrospective cohort from medical center medical records, 1981–20013.522,68519.8–2626.1–29>29NA
Robinson, 2005Nova ScotiaProspective cohort from population-based perinatal database, 1988–20022.689,13955–75 kgNA90–120 kg>12 kg
Rosenberg, 2003U.S.Retrospective cohort from state birth certificate file, 1998–19993.5213,208100–149 lb150–199 lb200–299 lb≥300 lb
Sebire, 2001U.K.Retrospective cohort from a maternity ward database, 1989–19971.3325,39520–24.925–29.9≥30NA
Solomon, 1997U.S.Prospective cohort from self-reported questionnaires of nurses, 1992–19944.914,61320–24.925–29.9≥30NA
  • GDM prevalence (%) is the rate for total study population. NA, not available.