Table 2—

Association between lifestyle behaviors and moderate/high risk perception (dependent variable)

Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI)Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Modified risk perception*Modified risk perception*
Leisure-time vigorous activity (reference = no activity)
    Only light physical activity0.64 (0.16–2.65)1.43 (0.27–7.56)0.42 (0.05–3.33)2.61 (0.41–16.5)
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, one to two times per week0.67 (0.15–2.92)1.00 (0.18–5.59)0.84 (0.10–7.01)2.04 (0.30–13.9)
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, three times per week0.42 (0.10–1.75)0.61 (0.12–3.20)0.33 (0.04–2.66)1.08 (0.17–6.80)
Consumption of fruits and vegetables (reference = less than three servings per day)
    Three to less than five servings per day0.54 (0.27–1.05)0.50 (0.22–1.17)0.39 (0.16–0.92)0.35 (0.19–0.95)
    Five or more servings per day0.57 (0.30–1.08)0.37 (0.17–0.83)0.93 (0.38–2.29)0.43 (0.16–1.14)
  • An OR ratio >1 indicates that the measure of lifestyle is associated with moderate to high perception of risk. Bolded type indicates associations at P < 0.05.

  • *

    * “If you don't change your lifestyle behaviors, such as diet or exercise, what is your risk or chance of getting diabetes over the next 10 years?”

  • Adjusted for education, race, smoking, family history of diabetes, duration of breast-feeding, current BMI, months since delivery, prenatal care by a family practitioner, optimistic bias score, diabetes knowledge score, personal control score, and benefits and barriers score.

  • Adjusted for age, education, history of hypertension, smoking, history of dyslipidemia, optimistic bias score, diabetes knowledge score, personal control score, and benefits and barriers score.