Table 2

Estimated medical spending attributable to diabetes, per year per person, 1987, 2000–2001, and 2010–2011

Year 1987Year 2000–2001Year 2010–2011
Without diabetesWith diabetesDifferenceWithout diabetesWith diabetesDifferenceWithout diabetesWith diabetesDifference
Total4,4187,0062,588* (100)6,46310,6684,205* (100)7,98613,3645,378* (100)
Inpatient1,5492,5861,037* (40)2,1233,6021,479* (35)2,4014,1181,717* (32)
ER345319* (1)10416157* (1)216337120* (2)
Outpatient1,4031,987583* (23)2,0102,858848* (20)2,3953,4081,013* (19)
Prescription medications5941,285690* (27)1,4373,0071,570* (37)1,9694,1872,218* (41)
Others8381,096258* (10)7901,040251* (6)1,0041,314310* (6)
  • Data are reported in 2012 dollars (% of each expenditure component among the total difference between persons with and without diabetes). The sources of data for the authors’ analysis are the 1987 NMES, and the 2000–2001 and 2010–2011 data from the MEPS. The estimated medical expenditures were predicted values of spending per person per year based on regression analyses, in which the observed differences of demographics, socioeconomic status, and major health conditions were adjusted for.

  • *Significantly greater than zero at P < 0.01 level.

  • †Significantly different compared with previous time point at P < 0.01 level.

  • ‡Significantly different compared with previous time point at P < 0.05 level.