Table 2—

Clinical and metabolic parameters at 3 months postpartum in study subjects stratified by glucose tolerance status in pregnancy

Normal GCT NGTAbnormal GCT NGTGIGTGDMP value
n9316691137
Months postpartum3.2 (2.9–3.6)3.3 (2.9–4.1)3.3 (3.0–3.7)3.1 (2.9–3.5)0.0875
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 (22.6–27.9)25.8 (23.4–29.8)26.0 (23.2–30.1)26.6 (23.7–31.1)0.0968
Waist circumference (cm)86.0 (79.8–94.0)85.2 (80–94)87.0 (83–96)88.6 (81–99)0.0456
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)107.8 (100.8–113.5)108.8 (102.5–114.0)110.0 (103.5–115.5)111.0 (105.0–119.5)0.0286
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)67.0 (60.0–70.0)64.0 (59.5–70.0)64.0 (60.0–70.0)65.5 (60.0–73.0)0.4467
Current smoking4 (4.4)6 (3.6)4 (4.4)6 (4.4)0.9662
Current breast-feeding88 (94.6)153 (92.2)80 (87.9)131 (95.6)0.8036
ISOGTT11.3 (8.2–15.7)9.4 (6.5–14.3)8.1 (5.4–11.9)8.0 (5.3–11.6)<0.0001
Insulinogenic index/HOMA-IR14.1 (9.6–20.0)9.8 (7.1–14.9)8.9 (5.2–12.4)8.1 (4.4–12.3)<0.0001
AUCgluc18.0 (15.9–20.3)19.8 (17.3–21.9)21.1 (18.9–23.4)22.7 (20.1–25.1)<0.0001
  • Data are medians (interquartile range) or n (%). P values refer to overall differences across groups as derived from ANOVA for continuous variables (parametric test for normally distributed variables and nonparametric test for skewed variables), χ2 test for breast-feeding, or Fisher's exact test for smoking.