Table 2—

Association between DED (continuous and quintiles) and risk of type 2 diabetes: EPIC-Norfolk study

DEDP valueDED quintiles
Ptrend
12345
DED (kJ/g)1.04–7.971.04–2.432.43–2.782.78–3.123.12–3.553.55–7.97
    Men1.30–7.531.30–2.552.55–2.922.92–3.263.26–3.703.70–7.53
    Women1.04–7.971.04–2.352.35–2.672.67–3.003.00–3.423.42–7.97
Incident cases725135140138143169
Model 11.12 (1.01–1.25)0.0321.001.07 (0.83–1.37)1.05 (0.82–1.35)1.11 (0.87–1.43)1.34 (1.05–1.70)0.022
Model 21.13 (1.01–1.26)0.0281.001.04 (0.80–1.34)1.06 (0.82–1.36)1.10 (0.86–1.42)1.35 (1.06–1.73)0.016
Model 31.20 (1.05–1.37)0.0071.001.10 (0.85–1.42)1.15 (0.88–1.49)1.23 (0.93–1.61)1.58 (1.18–2.12)0.003
  • Data are range, n, or ORs (95% CI). Adjustments of covariates were performed using multiple regression analyses by cumulatively adding the following covariates into the model: model 1, age, sex, and baseline BMI; model 2, model 1 plus occupational status, smoking, physical activity, and family history of type 2 diabetes; and model 3, model 2 plus alcohol consumption and total energy intake.