Table 3—

Intake pattern of food groups by quintiles of DED at baseline: EPIC-Norfolk study

DED quintiles
P for trend
12345
Fresh fruit (g/day)279.6 ± 226.2256.3 ± 195.4232.2 ± 171.2209.2 ± 154.0186.5 ± 140.9<0.001
Dried fruit (g/day)2.9 ± 8.13.2 ± 7.63.1 ± 7.43.3 ± 7.93.3 ± 9.60.171
Vegetables (g/day)282.5 ± 151.7283.2 ± 138.2274.7 ± 125.7262.6 ± 121.0251.0 ± 121.1<0.001
Meat (g/day)59.3 ± 34.766.0 ± 36.968.9 ± 38.471.4 ± 42.274.8 ± 48.1<0.001
Processed meat (g/day)18.6 ± 15.822.2 ± 16.925.0 ± 19.727.7 ± 21.731.4 ± 26.6<0.001
Vitamin C (FFQ) (mg/day)132.9 ± 69.3131.0 ± 63.1124.9 ± 56.4119.6 ± 53.2112.9 ± 50.7<0.001
Non–energy-containing beverages (g/day)1,343.5 ± 394.61,172.9 ± 336.31,081.4 ± 328.61,003.7 ± 333.5833.5 ± 380.7<0.001
Energy-containing beverages (g/day)620.6 ± 371.2620.5 ± 330.4611.5 ± 300.1593.5 ± 268.8557.2 ± 245.6<0.001
Soft drinks (g/day)*25.5 ± 79.631.9 ± 79.435.6 ± 79.338.6 ± 79.548.2 ± 82.0<0.001
Alcoholic drinks (g/day)162.0 ± 321.8148.8 ± 267.5128.5 ± 227.0112.7 ± 186.494.3 ± 148.9<0.001
Total energy intake (kcal)1,539.0 ± 372.71,830.2 ± 408.92,024.2 ± 436.32,234.1 ± 499.02,592.1 ± 643.5<0.001
Energy from carbohydrate (%)50.9 ± 7.550.2 ± 6.550.0 ± 6.449.9 ± 6.250.0 ± 6.3<0.001
Energy from fat (%)29.0 ± 5.831.8 ± 5.233.5 ± 5.234.9 ± 5.036.6 ± 5.2<0.001
Energy from protein (%)18.7 ± 3.217.3 ± 2.816.5 ± 2.615.7 ± 2.514.4 ± 2.6<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD. *Soft drinks were defined as fizzy soft drinks plus fruit squash or cordial.