Table 2—

Characteristics of SEARCH participants with a family history of diabetes in the mother, the father, or both parents

Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
MaleFemaleP value*MaleFemaleP value
n1451240.2004641100.001
Age at diagnosis (years)9.3 ± 4.69.2 ± 4.40.811114.2 ± 2.412.8 ± 2.50.001
Race/ethnicity0.67320.581
    Non-Hispanic white103 (71.0)85 (68.6)14 (21.9)20 (18.2)
    African American19 (13.1)18 (14.5)19 (29.7)45 (40.9)
    Hispanic12 (8.3)11 (8.9)17 (26.6)22 (20.0)
    Asian/Pacific Islander9 (6.2)9 (7.3)9 (14.1)14 (12.7)
    American Indian2 (1.4)05 (7.8)7 (6.4)
    Other01 (0.8)02 (1.8)
Maternal diabetes66 (45.5)59 (47.6)0.735252 (81.3)78 (70.9)0.130
Paternal diabetes87 (60.0)70 (56.5)0.556221 (32.8)49 (44.5)0.128
BMI z score§0.6 ± 1.10.9 ± 0.950.03862.25 ± 0.81.99 ± 0.70.032
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P value for male-female difference.

  • Data are n (column %).

  • Both parents had diabetes for 8 male and 5 female subjects with type 1 diabetes and for 9 male and 17 female subjects with type 2 diabetes. Data are n (% total n).

  • §

    § Missing for 24 subjects.