Table 1—

Hormonal profile in teenagers, in relation to sex, obesity, and parental history in teenagers and adults

Teenagers
Adults
nAdiponectin (μg/ml)Insulin (pmol/l)HOMA-IRnProinsulin (pmol/l) (n = 160)Proinsulin-to-insulin (n = 160)nAdiponectin (μg/ml)Insulin (pmol/l)HOMA-IR
Total1969.4 ± 4.5134 ± 804.0 ± 2.01607.10.0498415.4 ± 7.996.6 ± 63.64.0 ± 2.6
    Male948.4 ± 3.5123 ± 733.5 ± 2.2767.90.0694413.4 ± 7.099.6 ± 72.04.1 ± 2.8
    Female10210.3 ± 5.0144 ± 854.5 ± 1.8846.50.0414016.5 ± 6.3*93.6 ± 53.43.9 ± 2.5
    Normal weight879.0 ± 4.587.7 ± 57.83.1 ± 2.0624.60.0425814.8 ± 6.187.0 ± 54.03.7 ± 2.5
    Overweight1099.7 ± 4.4171.3 ± 75.3§6.3 ± 2.9§988.3§0.052616.0 ± 9.8124.6 ± 66.85.0 ± 2.9*
Male
    Normal weight448.0 ± 3.478.0 ± 52.02.1 ± 2.1325.10.073315.0 ± 7.479.8 ± 43.83.4 ± 2.0
    Overweight508.8 ± 3.6163 ± 655.5 ± 1.6449.10.061114.2 ± 7.3141.6 ± 99.05.7 ± 3.6
Female
    Normal weight4310.0 ± 5.397.0 ± 62.03.0 ± 1.7303.20.0252516.6 ± 5.996.0 ± 64.24.0 ± 3.0
    Overweight5910.5 ± 4.9179.0 ± 83.05.9 ± 1.5547.40.0471515.5 ± 8.1147.4 ± 68.65.0 ± 2.4
Parental history of diabetes
    Negative1069.6 ± 4.7134.0 ± 83.03.9 ± 1.9816.40.0436714.3 ± 6.580.2 ± 41.63.9 ± 2.8
    Positive909.2 ± 4.2134.0 ± 76.04.1 ± 2.0797.50.0511716.2 ± 8.9135.6 ± 60.85.2 ± 3.7
  • Data are means ± SD or median unless otherwise indicated. Test of significance:

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.02;

  • P < 0.0001;

  • §

    § P < 0.0002.