Table 1—

Prevalence of and ORs for metabolic syndrome according to adult and childhood social class (3,134 nondiabetic men aged 60–79 years)

nMetabolic syndromeAdjustment for ageAdjustment for age and social class*Adjustment for age and adult behavioral factors
Adult social class
    I30570 (23)1.001.001.00
    II857209 (24)1.08 (0.80–1.48)1.06 (0.78–1.45)1.02 (0.74–1.40)
    III-nonmanual31184 (27)1.24 (0.86–1.79)1.19 (0.82–1.73)1.11 (0.76–1.61)
    III-manual1,141348 (31)1.47 (1.10–1.98)1.38 (1.02–1.88)1.27 (0.94–1.73)
    IV26677 (29)1.37 (0.94–1.99)1.26 (0.86–1.86)1.15 (0.78–1.70)
    V8829 (33)1.64 (0.98–2.76)1.50 (0.88–2.54)1.22 (0.71–2.08)
    P for trend0.00050.0080.06
    Manual (III-manual, IV, V) vs. nonmanual (I, II, III-nonmanual)1.33 (1.13–1.57)1.27 (1.07–1.50)1.21 (1.02–1.43)
Childhood social class
    I13628 (21)1.001.001.00
    II460118 (26)1.33 (0.84–2.13)1.26 (0.79–2.01)1.23 (0.77–1.97)
    III-nonmanual35291 (26)1.35 (0.83–2.18)1.27 (0.78–2.05)1.27 (0.78–2.07)
    III-manual1,184321 (27)1.44 (0.93–2.22)1.27 (0.82–1.99)1.28 (0.82–1.99)
    IV473150 (32)1.80 (1.14–2.84)1.55 (0.96–2.48)1.57 (0.99–2.51)
    V363109 (30)1.66 (1.03–2.65)1.40 (0.86–2.28)1.45 (0.90–2.34)
    P for trend0.0060.100.05
    Manual (III-manual, IV, V) vs. nonmanual (I, II, III-nonmanual)1.24 (1.04–1.49)1.13 (0.93–1.37)1.17 (0.97–1.41)
Adult and childhood social class
    Childhood and adult non-manual social class635156 (25)1.001.00
    Childhood nonmanual and adult manual social class23058 (25)1.04 (0.73–1.47)0.94 (0.66–1.35)
    Childhood manual and adult nonmanual social class817205 (25)1.03 (0.81–1.31)0.99 (0.78–1.28)
    Childhood manual and adult manual social class1,240391 (32)1.41 (1.14–1.76)1.26 (1.00–1.58)
    P for trend0.0010.03
  • Data are n (%) or OR (95% CI) unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Adult and childhood social class adjusted for each other.

  • Adult behavioral factors included smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption.