Table 1—

Characteristics among men and women by history of CVD

With CVD
Without CVD
MenWomenMenWomen
n1,5751,3142,5163,415
Age
    20–44 years5.05.114.915.1
    45–64 years43.539.954.148.5
    ≥65 years51.555.031.036.4
Race/ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic white49.043.242.438.1
    Non-Hispanic black12.821.912.220.2
    Hispanic14.913.816.517.2
    Asian/Pacific Islander14.612.819.515.5
    Other8.78.39.49.0
Educational level
    Less than high school25.033.317.724.6
    Graduated high school28.131.725.231.8
    More than high school46.935.057.143.6
Income
    <$15,000/year25.751.117.337.3
    $15,000–40,000/year35.331.227.930.9
    $41,000–75,000/year24.311.630.520.2
    ≥$75,000/year14.76.124.311.7
Diabetes treatment
    Diet only5.96.49.57.7
    Oral agents only60.452.166.261.6
    Oral agents and insulin20.626.315.317.6
    Insulin only13.015.29.013.1
Time since diabetes diagnosis
    <1 year0.60.91.21.2
    1–4 years23.517.432.227.8
    5–9 years23.521.828.426.3
    ≥10 year52.460.038.244.7
Current cigarette smoking17.616.419.618.8
BMI (kg/m2)29.8 ± 6.131.6 ± 7.530.2 ± 6.432.3 ± 8.0
  • Data are % or means ± SD.