Table 3—

Estimated probabilities and risk differences between men and women for intensity of medication management for each CVD risk factor among patients with levels not in control: the TRIAD Study, 2000–2001

Intensity of medication managementWith CVD
Without CVD
Estimated probability
Risk difference95% CIEstimated probability
Risk difference95% CI
MenWomen (%)MenWomen
Unadjusted*
    SBP67.165.12.0−3.5 to 7.546.354.4−8.1−12.3 to −3.8
    LDL cholesterol61.955.26.7−1.8 to 15.345.044.60.4−5.4 to 6.3
    A1C72.776.3−3.7−9.0 to 1.772.774.1−1.4−5.1 to 2.2
Multiple adjusted
    SBP69.365.24.1−1.6 to 9.849.253.0−3.8−8.3 to 0.8
    LDL cholesterol63.053.99.1−0.3 to 18.545.944.11.9−4.2 to 8.0
    A1C71.674.7−3.1−9.0 to 2.872.272.6−0.4−4.3 to 3.6
  • Data are % unless otherwise indicated. History of CVD is defined by self-reported myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary artery bypass. or angioplasty. SBP indicates more intense medication management if treated with ≥2 antihypertensive drugs among patients with SBP ≥140 mmHg (612 men and 626 women with CVD and 954 men and 1,429 women without a history of CVD). LDL cholesterol indicates more intense medication management if treated with ≥1 lipid-lowering medication among patients with LDL ≥3.35 mmol/l (260 men and 276 women with CVD and 525 men and 731 women without a history of CVD). A1C indicates more intense medication management if treated with insulin or ≥2 oral agents among patients with A1C ≥8% (593 men and 499 women with CVD and 982 men and 1,355 women without a history of CVD).

  • * Data are generated from a hierarchical logistic regression model accounting for clustering within the health plan and controlled for the proportion of men in the health plans.

  • Data are generated from a hierarchical logistic regression model accounting for clustering within the health plan, controlled for the proportion of men in the health plans, and adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, income, educational level, hypoglycemic therapy (for SBP and LDL only), time since diabetes diagnosis, current smoking, and BMI.