Table 1—

Standardized regression coefficients of percentage of time spent in sedentary, light-intensity, and moderate-to-vigorous–intensity activity and mean activity intensity with continuous metabolic risk variables and clustered metabolic risk in 169 adults without known diabetes

Mean ± SDStandardized regression coefficients (95% CI)
SedentaryLight intensityModerate-to-vigorous intensityMean activity intensity
Waist circumference (cm)91.5 ± 12.60.22 (0.09–0.36)−0.20 (−0.34 to −0.06)−0.16 (−0.31 to −0.004)−0.27 (−0.42 to −0.12)
Triglycerides (log, mmol/l)*0.10 ± 0.310.19 (0.03–0.34)−0.14 (−0.30 to 0.02)−0.23 (−0.40 to −0.06)−0.24 (−0.41 to −0.07)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)*1.45 ± 0.59−0.12 (−0.26 to 0.02)0.11 (−0.03 to 0.25)0.07 (−0.08 to 0.22)0.05 (−0.10 to 0.20)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)124 ± 220.06 (−0.08 to 0.20)−0.07 (−0.21 to 0.07)0.000 (−0.15 to 0.15)−0.10 (−0.25 to 0.06)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)68.9 ± 12.90.03 (−0.11 to 0.17)−0.05 (−0.19 to 0.10)0.06 (−0.10 to 0.21)−0.01 (−0.17 to 0.15)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.21 ± 0.490.13 (−0.02 to 0.28)−0.12 (−0.27 to 0.04)−0.08 (−0.24 to 0.09)−0.18 (−0.34 to −0.02)
Clustered metabolic risk score*0.06 ± 1.770.23 (0.08–0.38)−0.20 (−0.35 to −0.04)−0.17 (−0.34 to −0.01)−0.25 (−0.41 to −0.09)
  • All models adjusted for age (years), sex, employment status, alcohol intake (self-reported as none, light, and moderate to heavy), income (household income ≥$1,500/week, yes/no), education (attended university or further education, yes/no), smoking status (current or ex/nonsmoker), diet quality (Diet Quality Index Revised: scale 1–100 [refs. 1820]), and family history of diabetes.

  • *

    * Additional adjustment for lipid-lowering medication (n = 23),

  • additional adjustment for hypertensive medication (n = 29), sedentary time (<100 accelerometer counts/min), light-intensity physical activity (100–1,951 counts/min), moderate-to-vigorous–intensity physical activity (≥1,952 counts/min), and mean activity intensity (total counts/total monitoring time).