Table 1—

Characteristics of the type 2 diabetic patients

Characteristic
n881
Age (years)66 ± 11
Sex (male/female)406/475
Smoking (%)19
BMI (kg/m2)29.4 ± 4.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)146 ± 20
Diabetes duration (years)4.0 (1.5–8.1)
A1C (%)6.6 (6.0–7.6)
Creatinine (μmol/l)95 ± 19
Creatinine clearance (ml/min)77 ± 27
Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio1.41 (0.76–3.79)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.2 ± 1.0
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.3 ± 0.3
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.9 ± 0.9
Triglycerides in mmol/l2.1 (1.4–2.9)
Microvascular disease (%)50
    Retinopathy19
    Neuropathy24
    (Micro)albuminuria24
Macrovascular disease (%)37
Skin autofluorescence (total group) (AU)2.74 ± 0.7
  • Values are means ± SD or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated. Reference values of the laboratory: A1C 4.0–6.0%, creatinine 70–110 μmol/l, creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) 80–120 ml/min, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio 0–2.5, total cholesterol 3.5–5.0 mmol/l, HDL cholesterol 0.9–1.7 mmol/l, LDL cholesterol 3.6–4.4 mmol/l, and triglycerides 0.6–2.2 mmol/l.