Table 1—

MONICA Survey 1989–1990 (S2): baseline characteristics

Nondiabetic participantsDiabetic participants
n1,560160
Sex (male/female)51.3/48.751.3/48.8
Age (years)63.7 ± 5.465.2 ± 5.5*
BMI (kg/m2)27.9 ± 3.929.4 ± 3.8*
Heart rate (bpm)65.3 ± 10.771.6 ± 12.8*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)140 ± 19148 ± 20*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)81 ± 1179 ± 12
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)253.5 ± 44.7254.2 ± 55.0
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)163.8 ± 42.4161.5 ± 45.1
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)56.9 ± 15.949.3 ± 15.4*
Total–to–HDL cholesterol ratio4.81 ± 1.815.60 ± 2.14*
Fibrinogen (g/l)4.30 ± 0.894.76 ± 1.24*
Hypertension36.6060.63*
CVD (MI or stroke)5.8312.50*
Regular smokers15.6516.25
High alcohol intake20.6710.63*
Physically active28.8420.00*
Use of ß-blockers11.3516.25
All-cause mortality10.5130.63*
CAD mortality3.2111.25*
Diabetes duration (years)8.11 ± 7.01
  • Data are means ± SD or percentages unless otherwise indcated.

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P = 0.072. CAD, coronary artery disease; MI, myocardial infarction.