Table 1—

Unadjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components based on pediatric criteria from the IDF among U.S. adolescents aged 12–17 years, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004

Sample size (n)Metabolic syndrome 1*Metabolic syndrome 2Abdominal obesity 1Abdominal obesity 2§Hypertrigly-ceridemiaLow HDL cholesterolHigh blood pressureHyper-glycemia
Total participants2,0144.5 ± 0.64.4 ± 0.628.6 ± 1.427.3 ± 1.38.9 ± 1.022.6 ± 1.43.5 ± 0.610.6 ± 1.2
Age (years)
    127091.2 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.324.0 ± 2.420.7 ± 2.28.9 ± 1.512.9 ± 2.21.210.1 ± 1.8
    146225.2 ± 1.05.1 ± 1.026.1 ± 2.325.6 ± 2.310.0 ± 1.618.6 ± 2.04.9 ± 1.214.2 ± 2.5
    16–176837.1 ± 1.37.1 ± 1.335.5 ± 2.235.5 ± 2.27.9 ± 1.436.1 ± 2.34.6 ± 1.07.9 ± 1.3
    P for linear trend<0.001<0.0010.001<0.0010.635<0.0010.0050.327
Sex
    Male1,0586.7 ± 1.36.6 ± 1.321.0 ± 1.718.5 ± 1.510.5 ± 1.623.4 ± 1.95.6 ± 0.915.3 ± 1.9
    Female9562.1 ± 0.62.1 ± 0.636.5 ± 2.236.5 ± 2.27.3 ± 1.321.8 ± 2.11.35.8 ± 1.0)
    P χ20.0060.008<0.001<0.0010.1310.566<0.001<0.001
Ethnicity
    White5374.5 ± 0.84.5 ± 0.827.2 ± 2.125.9 ± 1.910.5 ± 1.525.1 ± 2.03.4 ± 0.811.6 ± 1.9
    African American6373.0 ± 0.72.7 ± 0.729.3 ± 2.027.4 ± 1.93.6 ± 0.814.4 ± 1.95.0 ± 0.97.2 ± 1.1
    Mexican American7007.1 ± 1.06.6 ± 1.134.5 ± 1.933.2 ± 1.910.8 ± 1.121.5 ± 1.62.5 ± 0.614.3 ± 1.8
    P χ20.0070.0120.0630.043<0.001<0.0010.0400.003
  • Data are % ± SEM unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Metabolic syndrome defined using thresholds for waist circumference based on 90th percentiles from NHANES III 1988–1994 data.

  • Metabolic syndrome defined using thresholds for waist circumference based on 90th percentiles from NHANES 1999–2004 data.

  • Abdominal obesity defined using thresholds for waist circumference based on 90th percentiles from NHANES III 1988–1994 data.

  • §

    § Metabolic syndrome defined using thresholds for waist circumference based on 90th percentiles from NHANES 1999–2004 data.

  • Does not meet standard of statistical reliability and precision (relative SEM >30%). NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.