Table 1

Participant characteristics stratified by urine ACR tertiles

Lower ACR tertilesUpper ACR tertileP value
N (% male)217 (54)228 (50)0.45
Age (years)14.6 (1.5)14.1 (1.5)<0.01
SDS
 Height0.38 (1.06)0.38 (0.97)1.00
 Weight0.77 (0.77)0.67 (0.89)0.21
 BMI0.67 (0.80)0.55 (0.90)0.14
Duration (years)7.6 (3.4)6.4 (3.0)<0.01
HbA1c (%)8.3 (1.2)8.5 (1.4)0.07
HbA1c (mmol/mol)67 (13)69 (15)0.07
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)122 (22)132 (25)<0.01
Mean SBP (mmHg)114 (11)118 (13)<0.01
Mean DBP (mmHg)64 (20)67 (8)0.09
SBP SDS0.36 (0.86)0.78 (1.03)<0.01
DBP SDS0.20 (1.88)0.40 (0.77)<0.01
Cholesterol (mmol/L)4.5 (0.9)4.5 (0.9)0.64
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.45 (0.34)1.54 (0.35)0.02
LDL-C (mmol/L)2.5 (0.8)2.4 (0.7)0.31
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.1 (0.7)1.2 (0.8)0.75
  • Data are presented as mean (SD), except as noted.

  • DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL-C, HDL-cholesterol; LDL-C, LDL-cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure.