Table 1—

Cox model hazard ratio (95% CI) of total, CVD, CHD, and non-CVD mortality according to the presence and type of diabetes

MenWomenAll
Type 1 vs. no diabetes
    Total mortality2.2 (1.5–3.2)4.5 (3.0–6.8)2.9 (2.2–3.8)
    CVD mortality3.6 (2.2–5.7)13.3 (6.9–25.5)5.2 (3.6–7.5)
    CHD mortality4.9 (2.9–8.4)16.9 (7.6–37.2)6.6 (4.3–10.1)
    Non-CVD mortality1.0 (0.5–2.0)2.5 (1.4–4.3)1.7 (1.1–2.5)
Type 2 vs. no diabetes
    Total mortality2.6 (2.1–3.2)4.5 (3.4–5.9)3.2 (2.7–3.7)
    CVD mortality3.3 (2.5–4.5)10.1 (6.7–17.4)4.9 (3.8–6.3)
    CHD mortality3.7 (2.6–5.3)10.8 (5.9–19.7)5.1 (3.8–6.9)
    Non-CVD mortality1.9 (1.4–2.6)2.1 (1.4–3.1)2.0 (1.6–2.5)
Type 1 vs. type 2 diabetes
    Total mortality0.8 (0.6–1.2)0.9 (0.6–1.3)0.9 (0.6–1.1)
    CVD mortality1.1 (0.7–1.7)0.7 (0.4–1.1)0.8 (0.6–1.2)
    CHD mortality1.1 (0.7–1.9)0.7 (0.3–1.3)0.9 (0.6–1.3)
    Non-CVD mortality0.5 (0.2–1.0)1.2 (0.7–2.3)0.8 (0.5–1.3)
  • Adjusted for age, sex (in the analyses of all participants), area of residence, BMI, current smoking, use of alcohol, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, duration of diabetes (in comparison of type 1 diabetes versus type 2 diabetes), Cockroft-Gault estimate of creatinine clearance, and urinary protein (log).