Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors

VariablesCityTownPUVsχ2*F*
n2,1922,2902,584
Education
    Illiterate8.210.922.8174.8
    School68.07771.7
    College17.812.15.4144.3
Occupation
    Laborers24.633.543.0102.9
    Homemaker/business48.051.448.0
    Executive/professional/clerical/student/retired/unemployed27.518.89.1192.1
Physical activity
    Sedentary29.917.910.3201
    Light38.146.340.513.5
    Moderate14.012.419.033.5
    Heavy18.023.430.159.8
Diet
    Total calorie consumption (kcal)2022 ± 3541960 ± 3321897 ± 30462.3
    Carbohydrates (%)65.4 ± 5.066.8 ± 4.269.9 ± 3.2752.9
    Protein (%)11.1 ± 1.210.4 ± 1.19.8 ± 0.9956.4
    Fat (%)22.8 ± 5.021.3 ± 4.618.6 ± 2.9627.9
Age (years)38.2 ± 12.836.8 ± 11.638.0 ± 11.918.7
BMI (kg/m2)24.2 ± 4.723.7 ± 4.721.5 ± 4.2249.3
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)170.9 ± 50.1159.9 ± 44.2148.5 ± 44.6139.5
Triglycerides (mg/dl)134.1 ± 94.1129.8 ± 81.7119.7 ± 85.217.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)121.6 ± 13.2119.6 ± 12.9118.1 ± 11.947.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.9 ± 9.477.0 ± 8.375.3 ± 8.431.2
Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors
    BMI (≥25 kg/m2)895 (40.8)818 (35.7)504 (19.5)151
    BMI (≥23 kg/m2)1289 (58.8)1232 (53.8)810 (31.3)157
    Waist circumference (≥90 [men] and ≥85 cm [women])799 (36.5)736 (32.1)499 (19.3)107
    Hypertension ≥130/85mmHg459 (20.9)361 (15.8)272 (10.5)72
    Cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl545 (24.9)354 (15.4)250 (9.7)144
    Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl660 (30.1)644 (28.1)561 (21.7)28
HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dl714 (27.4)822 (31.5)1070 (41.1)28
  • Data are n (%), means ± SD, or percent. P < 0.0001.