Table 1—

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and individual metabolic factors by age and sex in the JHS cohort, 2000–2004

Subjects (n)Metabolic syndromeElevated blood pressureAbdominal obesityLow HDL cholesterolElevated glucoseElevated triglyceride
Age (Pdiff)<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001NS<0.0001<0.0001
Overall4,70639.470.464.637.229.716.6
    21–34 years23616.524.651.744.96.89.8
    35–44 years91125.448.758.740.313.911.3
    45–54 years1,16936.466.364.838.922.416.2
    55–64 years1,27748.281.767.335.440.819.7
    65–74 years84550.289.170.433.343.219.4
    75–84 years24445.588.564.334.138.518.4
    85+ years1533.393.353.313.346.713.3
Sex (Pdiff)<0.0001NS<0.0001<0.0001NS<0.0001
    Female2,99843.370.776.539.529.614.5
    Male1,70832.769.943.733.129.920.1
  • Individuals taking diabetic medication or with fasting glucose level >126 mg/dl excluded from analysis.