Table 2—

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and individual metabolic factors by socioeconomic status, smoking, and alcohol consumption in participants aged 35–84 in the JHS Cohort, 2000–2004

Subjects (n)Metabolic syndromeElevated blood pressureAbdominal obesityLow HDL cholesterolElevated glucoseElevated triglyceride
Sex (Pdiff)4,455<0.0001NS<0.0001<0.0001NS<0.0001
    Female (aged 35–84 years)2,84844.873.177.139.230.715.0
    Male (age 35–84 years)1,60733.472.044.432.731.120.4
Education (Pdiff)4,437<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001NS<0.00010.0380
    < high school79550.684.769.836.042.518.5
    High school or GED87642.476.668.236.332.716.4
    > high school but < BS1,27638.567.965.338.328.518.5
    BS or higher1,49036.268.361.436.325.414.8
Income (Pdiff)3,808<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001NS<0.0001NS
    <$16,00081550.181.273.636.140.018.7
    $16,000–24,90057544.577.270.136.534.117.7
    $25,000–49,9991,06640.373.166.335.830.617.3
    $50,000–99,9991,03134.466.358.537.025.315.1
    >$100,00032131.262.952.735.524.014.0
Smoking status (Pdiff)4,423NSNS<0.00010.0159NS<0.0001
    Not current3,86041.273.167.136.131.316.1
    Current smoker56338.270.153.841.427.522.7
Alcohol use (Pdiff)4,437<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001<0.0036<0.0001NS
    Not current2,85445.477.470.338.834.317.1
    Current drinker2,41834.867.059.134.526.616.7