Table 3—

Changes in percent total body fat, regional fat, lean body mass, and cross-sectional skeletal muscle area of upper and lower extremities with PRT protocol

VariablePRT (0 month)PRT (3 months)Mean differenceP*
n3030
Body fat (%)27.7 ± 10.627.3 ± 10.30.3 ± 1.50.239
Truncal––to–total body fat ratio0.6 ± 0.10.6 ± 0.10.0 ± 0.00.96
Lean body mass (kg)42.3 ± 6.042.6 ± 6.20.2 ± 1.50.384
Right arm fat (%)25.1 ± 12.523.9 ± 12.61.2 ± 6.20.311
Right arm regional fat (%)23.9 ± 12.122.8 ± 12.51.2 ± 6.30.328
Right arm lean mass (kg)2.8 ± 0.82.9 ± 0.60.1 ± 0.50.166
Right midarm muscle area (cm2)34.1 ± 6.733.6 ± 8.3−0.5 ± 3.80.487
Right leg fat (%)25.0 ± 11.824.7 ± 11.30.3 ± 1.50.218
Right leg regional fat (%)23.9 ± 11.423.7 ± 10.90.2 ± 1.40.386
Right leg lean mass (kg)6.8 ± 1.26.9 ± 1.20.1 ± 0.40.294
Right mid-thigh muscle area (cm2)111.4 ± 17.8111.6 ± 19.0−0.1 ± 6.70.092
  • Data are means ± SD. Measurements of percent total body fat, regional fat, lean body mass done by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Measurements of cross-sectional skeletal muscle area of upper and lower extremities done by CT scan.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 considered significant.