Table 2—

Baseline subject characteristics according to quartiles of the dietary pattern score

TotalQuartile 1Quartile 2Quartile 3Quartile 4P value*
Age (years)49.5 ± 0.149.6 ± 0.149.4 ± 0.149.5 ± 0.149.5 ± 0.10.8
Sex (% male)69.670.970.869.766.90.03
Ethnicity (% Caucasian)90.497.596.491.276.3<0.0001
Employment grade (% low employment grade)16.18.511.716.527.9<0.0001
Smoking (% smokers)13.58.812.215.018.3<0.0001
Alcohol intake (g/day)12.1 ± 0.211.6 ± 0.312.2 ± 0.312.5 ± 0.412.2 ± 0.40.3
Physical activity (times/week of vigorous activity)1.1 ± 0.01.22 ± 0.051.09 ± 0.041.12 ± 0.041.05 ± 0.040.04
BMI (kg/m2)25.3 ± 0.024.0 ± 0.124.8 ± 0.125.6 ± 0.126.6 ± 0.1<0.0001
Hypertension (%)16.712.715.918.220.2<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SE unless otherwise specified. n = 7,339.

  • *

    * χ2 test for proportion or one-way ANOVA across quartiles as appropriate.

  • Defined as systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg or as diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg.