Table 3—

HRs and 95% CI of type 2 diabetes across quartiles of dietary pattern score

Quartile 1Quartile 2Quartile 3Quartile 4Ptrend
No. of cases/participants62/1,72391/1,694122/1,700152/1,582
Model 1: age and sex11.50 (1.08–2.07)2.08 (1.53–2.82)3.00 (2.23–4.03)< 0.0001
Model 2: + energy misreporting11.44 (1.04–2.00)1.98 (1.46–2.70)2.95 (2.19–3.97)< 0.0001
Model 3: + ethnicity11.43 (1.03–1.98)1.91 (1.40–2.60)2.50 (1.84–3.40)< 0.0001
Model 4: + employment grade11.39 (1.01–1.93)1.81 (1.32–2.47)2.31 (1.69–3.15)< 0.0001
Model 5: + smoking, alcohol, physical activity11.38 (1.00–1.91)1.79 (1.31–2.45)2.27 (1.67–3.11)< 0.0001
Model 6: + blood pressure11.34 (0.97–1.86)1.72 (1.26–2.35)2.12 (1.54–2.90)< 0.0001
Model 7: + BMI (without blood pressure)11.27 (0.91–1.76)1.50 (1.09–2.05)1.55 (1.13–2.15)< 0.0001
Model 8: + blood pressure and BMI11.24 (0.90–1.73)1.48 (1.08–2.02)1.51 (1.10–2.09)< 0.0001
  • n = 6,699. HR, hazard ratio.