Table 1—

Comparison of baseline characteristics between participants who developed dysglycemia during the 9-year follow-up and those who did not: results of bivariate analyses

Participants
P value
Did not develop dysglycemiaDeveloped dysglycemia
n1,038127
Sociodemographic factors
    Women63.944.7<10−4
    Age at baseline (years)65.0 ± 3.064.9 ± 3.10.72
    Higher education*48.547.10.78
Consumption factors
    Current/former smokers38.752.80.002
    Alcohol consumer (>20 ml/day)*26.039.20.002
Health factors
    BMI (kg/m2)*24.7 ± 3.427.0 ± 3.7<10−4
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)*1.69 ± 0.431.50 ± 0.42<10−4
    Total cholesterol (mmol/l)*6.43 ± 1.016.30 ± 0.980.17
    Total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio*4.03 ± 1.154.49 ± 1.450.01
    Lipid-lowering drugs user22.827.60.23
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)*130.0 ± 17.6136.4 ± 16.00.0001
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)*78.4 ± 10.882.0 ± 11.10.0006
    Cardiovascular disease antecedents8.68.90.91
    Total plasma carotenoid (μmol/l)2.87 ± 1.292.37 ± 1.10<10−4
  • Data are means ± SD or percent.

  • *

    * Analyses were performed on 1,164 participants for education level, 1,144 for alcohol consumption, 1,164 for blood pressure, 1,162 for BMI, 1,121 for LDL cholesterol, 1,130 for HDL cholesterol, and 1,139 for total cholesterol.