Table 1—

Mean and distance to goal or recommended levels of cardiovascular risk factors in persons with and without metabolic syndrome

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)Triglycerides (mg/dl)Waist circumference (cm)HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)Fasting glucose (mg/dl)LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
Overall mean (median)
    Metabolic syndrome131 (132)*75 (73)*204 (171)*M: 114 (110)*M: 40 (39)*108 (103)*124 (122)*
F: 106 (104)*F: 48 (46)*
    Non-metabolic syndrome117 (116)70 (69)101 (89)M: 94 (94)M: 52 (51)88 (88)117 (116)
F: 88 (87)F: 64 (63)
Proportion not at goal or recommended levels
    Metabolic syndrome34.4*17.9*64.6*M: 90.1*M: 53.4*56.3*40.2*
F: 96.9*F: 68.1*
    Non-metabolic syndrome7.43.811.5M: 19.9M: 10.27.918.5
F: 42.6F: 17.8
Mean (median) among subjects not at goal or recommended levels
    Metabolic syndrome151 (149)91 (91)261 (205)M: 116 (112)*M: 35 (36)123 (112)*154 (150)
F: 107 (105)*F: 41 (42)
    Non-metabolic syndrome152 (149)93 (92)231 (201)M: 111 (109)M: 34 (33)110 (104)163 (161)
F: 101 (99)F: 43 (44)
Mean (median) distance from goal among subjects not at goal or recommended levels
    Metabolic syndrome16 (13)5 (3)111 (55)M: 14 (10)*M: 5 (4)23 (12)*37 (29)
F: 19 (17)*F: 9 (8)
    Non–metabolic syndrome14 (11)5 (3)81 (51)M: 9 (7)M: 6 (5)10 (4)29 (23)
F: 13 (11)F: 7 (6)
  • For those with diabetes or chronic kidney disease goals or recommended levels for systolic/diastolic blood pressure are <140/90 or <130/80 mmHg, for triglycerides are <150 mg/dl, for waist circumference are <102 cm for men or <88 cm for women, for HDL cholesterol are ≥40 mg/dl for men and ≥50 mg/dl for women, for glucose are <100 mg/dl, and for LDL cholesterol are <100 mg/dl for CVD, diabetes, or high risk (>20% 10-year risk), <130 mg/dl for moderate risk (6–20% 10-year risk), and <160 mg/dl for low risk (<6% 10-year risk).

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01 compared with those without metabolic syndrome. M, male; F, female.