Table 2

Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for DR and VTDR

ParameterUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
ORa95% CIPORa95% CIP
Predictor: DR
 MBL1.0011.001–1.002<0.00011.0011.001–1.002<0.0001
 MBL (≥3rd quartiles)b3.952.36–6.56<0.00013.141.77–5.57<0.0001
 Male sex1.251.05–1.420.0061.181.04–1.300.001
 HbA1c (%)1.091.03–1.21<0.0011.051.01–1.16<0.001
 Diabetes duration1.221.11–1.350.0031.151.06–1.290.009
 hs-CRP1.111.05–1.19<0.0011.081.03–1.18<0.001
 Intensive glucose treatment2.011.24–3.980.0281.950.93–3.880.236
 Hypertension1.551.30–1.76<0.0011.311.10–1.480.003
Predictor: VTDR
 MBL1.0021.002–1.003<0.00011.0011.001–1.002<0.0001
 MBL (≥3rd quartiles)b9.344.47–19.50<0.00017.833.35–18.31<0.0001
 Male sex1.181.04–1.460.0221.091.02–1.370.035
 HbA1c (%)1.101.03–1.36<0.0011.081.02–1.20<0.001
 Diabetes duration1.251.05–1.450.0061.121.02–1.310.009
 hs-CRP1.181.10–1.320.0061.161.05–1.360.009
 Intensive glucose treatment1.211.03–1.43<0.0011.141.06–1.230.001
 Hypertension1.701.27–3.010.0091.551.28–2.340.006
  • aThe OR corresponds to a unit increase in the explanatory variable.

  • bMBL ≥3rd quartiles rather than MBL was a predictor in logistic regression analysis.