Table 1—

Selected characteristics of Hispanic and Chinese participants, MESA, 2000–2002

MexicansNon-Mexican HispanicsChineseP value*
n708547737
Age (years)61.6 ± 10.461.5 ± 10.562.8 ± 10.20.036
Women (%)49.753.752.80.313
Years of US residence (%)
    <108.97.919.4
    10 to ≤205.513.732.6
    >2033.168.944.2<0.001
    U.S. born52.59.53.8
Language spoken at home (%)
    English42.814.85.6
    English and Spanish/Chinese17.015.57.7<0.001
    Other languages
    Spanish/Chinese/other languages40.269.786.7
Acculturation score (%)
    0 (least acculturated)8.57.019.3
    15.513.531.5
    224.749.536.8
    37.513.06.5<0.001
    414.711.33.1
    5 (most acculturated)39.15.72.8
Annual family income (%)
    <$20,00034.541.142.7
    $20,000 to ≤$50,00043.841.029.7
    >$50,00018.316.827.0<0.001
    Unknown3.41.10.6
Education (%)
    <High school46.541.725.5
    High school graduate19.922.117.1<0.001
    >High school33.636.257.4
Place for medical care (%)
    Doctor's office/clinic81.888.193.8
    Hospital emergency room10.37.31.3<0.001
    Other7.94.64.9
Has health insurance coverage (%)79.884.681.30.084
Diabetes (%)21.013.713.3<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)29.9 ± 5.128.8 ± 4.723.9 ± 3.3<0.001
Physical activity (MET-min/week)1,351.8 ± 2,242.41,337.4 ± 1,929.31,172.1 ± 1,540.10.149
Total dietary calories (kcal)1,903.3 ± 960.11,635.4 ± 860.41,321.5 ± 576.7<0.001
Fat (% kcal)36.7 ± 6.433.5 ± 6.636.2 ± 6.6<0.001
Fiber (g/1,000 cal)11.6 ± 3.811.4 ± 4.511.8 ± 3.40.252
Carbohydrates (% kcal)48.6 ± 7.551.9 ± 8.248.4 ± 7.7<0.001
  • Data are expressed as means ± SD unless indicated otherwise.

  • * P values were from χ2 tests (categorical variables) or ANOVA (continuous variables).

  • Total intentional exercise included moderate walking exercise, dance, and vigorous sports.