Table 2—

Selected characteristics of Hispanic and Chinese participants according to acculturation score strata, MESA, 2000–2002

Acculturation score group (0–5 score, 5 = most acculturated)
Mexican
Non-Mexican Hispanic
Chinese
0–1 (least)23–45 (most)P value*0–1 (least)23–5 (most)P value*0123–5P value*
n9917515727711227116414223227192
Age (years)59.2 ± 10.561.6 ± 10.163.4 ± 11.361.3 ± 9.80.14058.7 ± 10.663.2 ± 10.060.4 ± 10.90.92763.3 ± 10.463.3 ± 11.062.7 ± 9.760.7 ± 9.50.018
Women (%)53.558.948.443.30.00759.852.851.20.14854.254.753.543.50.176
Education
    <High school82.880.040.115.950.052.817.723.925.932.85.4
    High school7.112.619.129.6<0.00112.523.626.2<0.00117.619.817.77.6<0.001
    >High school10.17.440.854.537.523.658.158.554.349.487.0
Income (%)
    <$20,00046.552.029.322.041.150.925.062.052.635.110.9
    $20,000≤$50,00035.342.347.145.9<0.00142.038.743.9<0.00125.331.033.621.7<0.001
    >$50,0005.13.421.730.712.510.031.112.716.430.266.3
    Unknown13.12.31.91.44.40.40.00.00.01.11.0
Place for medical care (%)
    Doctor's office53.676.088.591.771.490.895.188.094.495.695.6
    Hospital/emergency room32.318.93.21.1<0.00121.44.81.8<0.0010.72.60.71.10.004
    Other14.15.18.37.27.24.43.111.3
Health insurance (%)38.467.492.495.3<0.00163.487.494.5<0.00152.181.091.596.7<0.001
Diabetes (%)21.223.421.019.50.4847.116.214.00.0729.915.115.18.70.873
BMI (kg/m2)28.6 ± 4.130.0 ± 5.229.7 ± 5.430.3 ± 5.20.01928.5 ± 3.628.7 ± 4.829.3 ± 5.20.05323.4 ± 3.023.7 ± 3.424.1 ± 3.024.8 ± 3.9<0.001
Physical activity748.8 ± 1,661502.9 ± 9771,311.8 ± 1,8502,126.3 ± 2,859<0.001925.7 ± 1,4701,076.9 ± 1,3932,048.9 ± 2,654<0.0011,110.4 ± 1,3011,065.2 ± 1,3681,178.6 ± 1,6211,517.7 ± 1,9640.038
MET-min/week
Total dietary calories (kcal)2,115.5 ± 8092,028.4 ± 8861,877.8 ± 1,0911,763.0 ± 957<0.0011,698.4 ± 8251,531.7 ± 7851,763.8 ± 9780.3891,274.8 ± 5641,255.3 ± 4651,306.7 ± 5631,604.6 ± 783<0.001
Fat (% kcal)38.3 ± 5.936.7 ± 5.935.8 ± 6.336.7 ± 6.90.09933.5 ± 5.833.0 ± 6.534.3 ± 7.10.20137.5 ± 6.436.2 ± 6.836.3 ± 6.734.0 ± 5.2<0.001
Fiber (g/1,000 cal)12.1 ± 3.312.3 ± 3.311.8 ± 3.610.8 ± 4.1<0.00111.8 ± 3.911.7 ± 4.710.6 ± 4.20.00811.4 ± 2.811.8 ± 3.312.0 ± 3.411.3 ± 4.30.921
Carbohydrates (% kcal)48.1 ± 6.349.5 ± 6.849.6 ± 7.747.7 ± 8.10.20452.1 ± 6.752.8 ± 8.250.4 ± 9.10.04147.0 ± 7.048.1 ± 8.248.7 ± 7.650.4 ± 7.3<0.001
  • Data are expressed as means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • * P value for linear trend across the acculturation strata was tested by using linear regression (continuous variables) or a Cochran-Armitage trend test (dichotomous variables). P value for categorical variables was derived from a χ2 test.

  • Total intentional exercise included moderate walking exercise, dance, and vigorous sports.