Table 3—

Prevalence ratio of diabetes among Hispanic and Chinese participants by race and acculturation score strata, MESA, 2000–2002

Acculturation scorenPrevalence ratio (95% CI)
UnadjustedModel 1 (adjusted for age, sex)*Model 2 (model 1 + SES)*Model 3 (model 2 + BMI)*Model 4 (model 2 + diet)*Model 5 (model 2 + physical activity)*Model 6 (model 2 + BMI, diet, physical activity)*
Mexicans
    0–1 (least acculturated)99ReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferent
    21751.10 (0.69–1.76)1.09 (0.69–1.73)1.15 (0.72–1.86)0.99 (0.60–1.62)1.16 (0.72–1.87)1.09 (0.67–1.77)1.06 (0.65–1.74)
    3–41570.99 (0.61–1.61)0.91 (0.56–1.48)1.14 (0.68–1.92)0.99 (0.58–1.68)1.17 (0.70–1.95)1.09 (0.64–1.84)1.07 (0.63–1.82)
    5 (most acculturated)2770.92 (0.59–1.44)0.87 (0.55–1.35)1.18 (0.71–1.98)1.01 (0.60–1.71)1.17 (0.71–1.93)1.18 (0.69–2.00)1.08 (0.65–1.79)
    P for trend0.4330.2490.6180.9940.7020.6430.903
Non-Mexican Hispanics
    0–1 (least acculturated)112ReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferent
    22712.27 (1.11–4.67)1.97 (0.95–4.06)2.09 (0.98–4.47)1.83 (0.88–3.80)2.03 (0.98–4.20)2.08 (0.97–4.45)1.72 (0.85–3.48)
    3–5 (most acculturated)1641.96 (0.91–4.23)1.82 (0.84–3.91)2.49 (1.14–5.44)2.08 (0.97–4.45)2.08 (0.97–4.47)2.45 (1.11–5.44)1.59 (0.75–3.39)
    P for trend0.2990.3520.0590.1960.1790.0690.510
Chinese
    0 (least acculturated)142ReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferentReferent
    12321.53 (0.85–2.74)1.51 (0.85–2.70)1.48 (0.83–2.62)1.44 (0.81–2.57)1.48 (0.85–2.59)1.48 (0.84–2.63)1.39 (0.78–2.45)
    22711.53 (0.87–2.72)1.59 (0.90–2.80)1.36 (0.76–2.43)1.27 (0.72–2.26)1.42 (0.81–2.49)1.37 (0.77–2.43)1.34 (0.76–2.35)
    3–5 (most acculturated)920.88 (0.39–2.02)0.95 (0.42–2.16)0.90 (0.38–2.11)0.78 (0.34–1.78)1.26 (0.56–2.87)0.91 (0.39–2.08)1.13 (0.50–2.56)
    P for trend0.7610.9730.7920.5030.6180.8150.833
  • * Model 1 adjusted for age and sex; model 2, model 1 plus SES (education in three categories; income in four categories); model 3, model 2 plus BMI; model 4, model 2 plus dietary variables (total calories in kilocalories, total fat in percent kilocalories, total carbohydrate in percent kilocalories, and total fiber in grams per 1,000 cal); model 5, model 2 plus physical activity in MET-minutes per week; model 6, model 2 plus BMI, dietary variables (total calories in kilocalories, total fat in percent kilocalories, total carbohydrate in percent kilocalories, and total fiber in grams per 1,000 cal), and physical activity in MET-minutes per week.

  • P < 0.01;

  • P < 0.05 compared with the referent group (least acculturated) within each strata.