Table 3

Adjusted ORs (95% CI) of developing diabetes comparing one or more with less than one portions/week of total and each type of fish intake, obtained from logistic regression analysis: EPIC-Norfolk Study

Fish intake (≥1 vs. <1 portions/week)OR (95% CI)
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
Total fish0.77 (0.61–0.96)0.76 (0.61–0.96)0.77 (0.61–0.98)0.75 (0.58–0.96)
White fish0.80 (0.69–0.94)0.81 (0.70–0.95)0.83 (0.71–0.97)0.87 (0.73–1.03)
Oily fish0.83 (0.70–0.97)0.84 (0.71–0.98)0.92 (0.77–1.10)0.94 (0.78–1.13)
Shellfish1.53 (1.20–1.96)1.50 (1.16–1.92)1.58 (1.20–2.08)1.36 (1.02–1.81)
Fried fish1.04 (0.88–1.24)0.94 (0.79–1.13)0.95 (0.79–1.15)0.91 (0.75–1.10)
Fish fingers0.94 (0.69–1.30)0.87 (0.63–1.21)0.89 (0.64–1.24)0.91 (0.65–1.27)
Fish roe0.70 (0.29–1.72)0.77 (0.32–1.89)1.03 (0.42–2.54)0.94 (0.38–2.35)
  • n = 21,984. Model 1 adjusted for age and sex; model 2 adjusted for model 1 + family history of diabetes, smoking, education level, and physical activity; model 3 adjusted for model 2 + total energy intake, alcohol intake, and plasma vitamin C; model 4 adjusted for model 3 + BMI, and waist circumference.