Table 2

RRs (95% CIs) for incident type 2 diabetes by fish intake categories in 4,472 Dutch adults aged ≥55 years

Total fishCategories of fish intake
Ptrend
NoLow (0–12 g/day)Moderate (12–28 g/day)High (≥28 g/day)
Median intake06.617.535.6
No. participants/cases1,314/1211,061/1121,007/1071,090/123
Person-years14,26711,49211,07311,819
Crude model11.15 (0.89–1.49)1.13 (0.87–1.47)1.22 (0.95–1.56)0.18
Model 111.14 (0.88–1.47)1.14 (0.88–1.48)1.23 (0.96–1.58)0.14
Model 211.15 (0.89–1.48)1.19 (0.92–1.54)1.32 (1.02–1.70)0.04
Lean fish*NoLow (0–10 g/day)Moderate (10–23 g/day)High (23 g/day)Ptrend
Median intake06.514.330.6
No. participants/cases1,488/139992/110992/991,000/115
Person-years16,11910,76910,97410,788
Crude model11.18 (0.92–1.52)1.03 (0.80–1.34)1.22 (0.96–1.57)0.19
Model 111.17 (0.90–1.51)1.05 (0.81–1.37)1.24 (0.96–1.60)0.16
Model 211.15 (0.89–1.49)1.07 (0.82–1.40)1.30 (1.01–1.68)0.06
Fatty fish*NoLow (0–3 g/day)Moderate (3–7 g/day)High (≥7 g/day)Ptrend
Median intake01.65.315.7
No. participants/cases3,087/313461/51499/57425/42
Person-years33,5865,1245,3294,612
Crude model11.05 (0.78–1.42)1.14 (0.86–1.51)0.97 (0.70–1.34)0.98
Model 111.01 (0.74–1.36)1.07 (0.80–1.43)0.92 (0.66–1.28)0.70
Model 211.04 (0.77–1.42)1.11 (0.83–1.49)0.99 (0.71–1.38)0.93
  • Data are RRs (95% CIs). Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and education level. Model 2: as model 1 with additional adjustments for intake of energy, alcohol, trans fatty acids, and fiber.

  • *Models 1 and 2: lean fish is adjusted for fatty fish; fatty fish is adjusted for lean fish.