Table 3

RRs (95% CIs) for incident type 2 diabetes by tertiles of EPA and DHA intake in 4,472 Dutch adults aged ≥55 years

Tertiles of EPA and DHA intake (mg/day)
Ptrend
Low (<49.1 mg/day)Moderate (49.1–149.4 mg/day)High (≥149.4 mg/day)
Median intake23.889.4236.8
No. participants/cases1,490/1421,491/1581,491/163
Person-years16,08516,30316,263
Crude model11.09 (0.87–1.37)1.12 (0.89–1.40)0.38
Model 111.10 (0.88–1.38)1.13 (0.90–1.42)0.33
Model 211.13 (0.90–1.42)1.22 (0.97–1.53)0.11
Model 311.06 (0.84–1.34)1.05 (0.80–1.38)0.77
  • Data are RRs (95% CIs). Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and education level. Model 2: as model 1 with additional adjustments for intake of energy, alcohol, trans fatty acids, and fiber. Model 3: as model 2 with additional adjustments for intake of selenium, vitamin D, and cholesterol.