Table 1

Selected characteristics of Chinese adults according to dietary cluster (2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey)

Green WaterYellow EarthNew AffluenceWestern Adopter
n (%)7,314 (36.2)5,651 (28.0)4,923 (24.4)2,322 (11.5)
Sex (% men)49.645.2*46.5*50.3
Age (%)
    45–59 years74.372.0*69.1*75.1
    60–69 years25.728.030.924.9
Area (%)
    Urban24.115.9*64.2*65.4*
    Rural75.984.135.834.6
Current smoker (%)32.628.6*27.8*30.3*
Alcohol drinker (%)28.716.5*22.8*29.0
BMI (%)
    <18.5 kg/m28.95.2*2.6*3.2*
    18.5–23.9 kg/m261.853.340.344.4
    24–27.9 kg/m222.929.739.837.5
    ≥28 kg/m26.411.817.314.9
WHtR >0.5 (%)37.145.6*59.9*55.8*
Physical activity level (%)
    Light33.932.5*71.5*72.6*
    Medium17.720.512.215.9
    Heavy48.447.016.311.5
Annual family income per person (%)
    <2000 RMB45.965.7*25.0*16.2*
    2000–4,999 RMB34.124.527.226.3
    ≥5,000 RMB20.09.847.857.5
Education level (%)
    Illiterate21.323.1*8.2*6.9*
    Primary school45.941.027.126.5
    High school31.134.755.955.8
    Above high school1.71.28.810.8
Glucose tolerance abnormality (%)285 (3.9)271 (4.8)*394 (8.0)*146 (6.3)*
    Diabetes148 (2.0)123 (2.2)213 (4.3)*80 (3.5)*
    IFG107 (1.5)114 (2.0)*134 (2.7)*54 (2.3)*
    IGT55 (0.8)56 (1.0)77 (1.6)24 (1.0)
  • Data are n (%) or %.

  • *Significantly different from Green Water pattern (Pearson χ2 test), P < 0.05.