Table 3

Prevalence ratios (95% CI) of glucose tolerance abnormality according to dietary cluster (2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey)

Green WaterYellow EarthNew AffluenceWestern Adopter
Model 11.0 (reference)1.22 (1.04–1.43)*2.05 (1.76–2.37)1.60 (1.32–1.95)
Model 21.01.26 (1.07–1.48)*1.45 (1.21–1.72)1.07 (0.84–1.36)
Model 31.01.04 (0.88–1.22)1.19 (1.01–1.41)*0.95 (0.76–1.19)
Model 41.01.12 (0.93–1.35)1.24 (1.04–1.49)*0.99 (0.78–1.26)
  • Model 1: unadjusted. Model 2: adjusted for area (urban/rural), age, sex, current smoking, physical activity level, family history of diabetes, education level, and family income. Model 3: additionally adjusted for BMI. Model 4: Model 2 additionally adjusted for WHtR.

  • *P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.0001.