Table 2

Annual changes in body composition assessed with DEXA by baseline diabetes status in the Health ABC Study

Without diabetesUndiagnosed diabetesDiagnosed diabetes
n2047226402
Model 1
    Total body mass (g/year)−193 ± 22−435 ± 79*−293 ± 72
    Total lean mass (g/year)−198 ± 10−340 ± 37*−222 ± 29
    Trunk lean (g/year)−44 ± 6−103 ± 22*−27 ± 16
    Appendicular lean (g/year)−150 ± 5−226 ± 20*−187 ± 16
    Total fat mass (g/year)25 ± 16−94 ± 53−66 ± 53
    Trunk fat (g/year)44 ± 10−39 ± 35−34 ± 32
    Appendicular fat (g/year)−17 ± 7−51 ± 24−27 ± 24
Model 2
    Total lean mass (g/year)−125 ± 7−186 ± 25−106 ± 20
    Trunk lean (g/year)−10 ± 5−32 ± 1726 ± 13
    Appendicular lean (g/year)−113 ± 4−149 ± 14−130 ± 11
    Total fat mass (g/year)163 ± 7203 ± 23160 ± 20
    Trunk fat (g/year)125 ± 5136 ± 1796 ± 14
    Appendicular fat (g/year)41 ± 473 ± 1464 ± 12
  • Data are adjusted means ± SE estimated by generalized estimating equations. Model 1: adjustment for age, sex, race, clinic site, baseline BMI, and weight loss intention; model 2: further adjustment for changes in body weight.

  • *P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05 vs. those without diabetes.