Table 4—

Characteristics according to A-FABP tertile levels

A-FABP tertile
P
1 (<8.6 μg/l [men], <150 μg/l [women])2 (8.6–14.3 μg/l [men], 15.0–24.1 μg/l [women])3 (>14.3 μg/l [men], >24.1 μg/l [women])
Age (years)53.1 ± 8.155.3 ± 11.454.4 ± 11.40.5
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 ± 3.225.8 ± 3.126.3 ± 3.50.02
Waist circumference (cm)85.0 ± 7.089.3 ± 7.791.6 ± 9.2<0.001
WHR0.91 ± 0.050.93 ± 0.05*0.95 ± 0.060.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl)148.9 ± 94.1190.1 ± 124.3*187.3 ± 82.1*0.05
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)52.6 ± 11.645.7 ± 9.346.7 ± 11.90.001
A-FABP (μg/l)9.0 ± 2.914.6 ± 4.231.1 ± 16.9<0.001
RBP-4 (μg/ml)67.1 ± 19.678.6 ± 34.473.4 ± 31.50.1
Adiponectin (μg/ml)4.3 ± 2.03.9 ± 2.24.4 ± 3.00.5
CRP (mg/l)1.70 ± 3.552.57 ± 4.143.39 ± 4.69*0.1
FPG (mg/dl)172.5 ± 69.2188.2 ± 119.3192.5 ± 70.40.4
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)7.7 ± 7.67.3 ± 6.210.1 ± 7.50.07
HOMA-IR3.2 ± 3.33.3 ± 3.24.3 ± 2.80.08
A1C (%)8.1 ± 2.08.6 ± 2.39.1 ± 2.4*0.04
24-h albumin (mg/day)29.3 ± 38.229.0 ± 26.340.4 ± 52.60.2
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)0.76 ± 0.160.82 ± 0.240.84 ± 0.21*0.1
Estimated GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2)103.8 ± 19.696.5 ± 26.794.5 ± 23.4*0.08
Metabolic syndrome (n [%])25 (43.1)46 (76.7)48 (78.7)<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise. P = the difference among three groups using ANOVA test.

  • * P < 0.05 compared with tertile 1.

  • P < 0.01 compared with tertile 1.

  • P < 0.001 compared with tertile 1. FPG, fasting plasma glucose.