Table 1

Baseline (1991–1993) characteristics of the WII participants by diabetes status during 15 years of follow-up

Diabetes during follow-upNo diabetes
n3085,587
Women29.9 (92)29.3 (1,637)
Age (years)50.5 ± 0.3548.8 ± 0.08
Employment grade*
    High33.9 (104)41.5 (2,316)
    Medium50.5 (155)44.6 (2,489)
    Low15.6 (48)14.0 (779)
Diet pattern
    Healthy28.4 (81)34.1 (1,723)
    Mediterranean-type19.3 (55)19.1 (965)
    Sweet14.4 (41)14.2 (716)
    Unhealthy37.9 (108)32.6 (1,648)
Alcohol consumption
    No12.0 (37)10.1 (565)
    Moderate18.2 (56)15.8 (882)
    Heavy69.8 (215)74.1 (4,140)
Smoking status
    Never smoker46.7 (143)50.5 (2,770)
    Ex-smoker35.6 (109)36.5 (2006)
    Current smoker17.7 (54)13.0 (714)
Physical activity (MET-h/day)3.17 ± 0.163.57 ± 0.04
Upset by life events score2.80 ± 0.043.24 ± 0.19
Height (cm)172.6 ± 0.12171.1 ± 0.53
BMI (kg/m2)27.7 ± 4.725.1 ± 3.5
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)124.6 (0.84)120.1 (0.18)
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.03 ± 0.091.42 ± 0.01
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.28 ± 0.021.44 ± 0.01
CRP (mg/l)3.04 ± 0.321.78 ± 1.05
  • Data are means ± SEM or n (%).

  • *P < 0.05.

  • P < 0.01.