Table 1—

Age-adjusted prevalence of diabetes, IFG, and normal glucose levels among New Yorkers ≥20 years of age (2004)

nDiabetes
IFG
Normal Glucose
%95% CI%95% CI%95% CI
Total1,33612.510.3–15.123.520.9–26.264.061.1–66.9
Sex
    Male (ref.)56113.410.0–17.729.625.2–34.357.152.2–61.8
    Female77511.89.1–15.118.4***15.3–22.069.8***66.1–73.4
Age (years)
    20–39 (ref.)6652.51.6–4.014.511.6–17.983.079.5–86.0
    40–5950413.3***10.2–17.225.1***21.0–29.761.6***56.7–66.3
    ≥6016728.3***21.4–36.436.2***29.8–43.135.5***28.1–43.7
Racea
    White, non-Hispanic (ref.)38710.77.6–15.021.217.5–25.568.163.4–72.4
    Black, non-Hispanic29014.59.9–20.721.516.3–27.864.057.8–69.7
    Hispanic, total47912.38.7–17.225.220.5–30.662.457.1–67.5
    Asian, non-Hispanic16016.19.5–25.932.4*24.8–41.251.5***43.5–59.4
Income (USD)b
    <$20,00045217.0**13.3–21.521.617.8–26.061.456.8–65.8
    $20,000+ (ref.)8599.16.6–12.424.821.6–28.466.162.1–69.8
Nativity
    U.S. born (ref.)65912.29.2–15.920.717.4–24.567.163.0–70.9
    Foreign born67612.710.0–16.026.9*23.3–30.760.4*56.3–64.4
  • Sample includes 131 participants with diabetes, 278 with IFG, and 927 with normal fasting glucose.

  • a Other non-Hispanic ethnicities, not included due to small numbers and unreliability of estimate; total with diabetes, n = 20.

  • b Totals do not equal 1,336 because of missing data.

  • * P < 0.05,

  • ** P < 0.01,

  • *** P < 0.001.