Table 2—

Adjusted odds ratios and 95% CIs for the effect of clinical variables on the risk of orthostatic hypotension in total subjects based on multiple logistic regression analysis

VariablesModel 1
Model 2
Model 3
Odds ratio (95% CI)P valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Age (years)1.018 (1.004–1.032)0.0421.012 (1.002–1.025)0.0401.012 (1.001–1.023)0.042
Sex, male vs. female1.010 (0.718–1.421)0.9531.175 (0.878–1.572)0.2791.315 (0.976–1.773)0.072
Diabetes vs. NGT1.682 (1.022–2.789)0.0381.528 (1.014–2.394)0.0361.395 (1.008–2.163)0.040
Pre-diabetes vs. NGT1.020 (0.695–1.696)0.8300.982 (0.696–1.385)0.9260.951 (0.674–1.341)0.773
Hypertension, yes vs. no1.956 (1.205–3.175)0.007
Supine systolic blood pressure (mmHg)1.021 (1.014–1.033)<0.001
Supine diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)1.036 (1.021–1.052)<0.001
30 max–to–15 min ratio0.160 (0.033–0.779)0.0230.203 (0.050–0.828)0.0260.224 (0.054–0.926)0.039
Antihypertensive medication use, yes vs. no0.810 (0.444–1.505)0.5180.791 (0.432–1.327)0.3750.986 (0.607–1.602)0.955
  • Dependent variable: orthostatic hypotension; independent variables: age, sex, BMI, physical activity, diabetes vs. NGT; pre-diabetes vs. NGT, hypertension (or supine systolic/diastolic blood pressure), cerebrovascular disease, ischemic ECG pattern, 30 max–to–15 min ratio, and antihypertensive medication use.