Table 3—

Adjusted odds ratios and 95% CIs for the effect of clinical variables on the risk of orthostatic hypotension in subjects with NGT, pre-diabetes, and diabetes based on multiple logistic regression analysis

NGT
Pre-diabetes
Diabetes
Odds ratio (95% CI)P valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P valueOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
n1,069412157
Age (years)1.023 (1.008–1.130)0.0301.058 (1.005–1.114)0.0311.012 (0.996–1.028)0.130
Sex, male vs. female1.295 (0.858–1.956)0.2191.081 (0.612–1.912)0.7881.431 (0.568–3.605)0.448
A1C (%)1.105 (0.810–1.479)0.4911.166 (0.735–1.850)0.5141.269 (1.010–1.598)0.028
Hypertension, yes vs. no2.079 (1.106–4.194)0.0242.330 (1.130–4.455)0.0203.190 (1.187–6.953)0.018
Antihypertensive use, yes vs, no0.682 (0.259–1.792)0.4370.960 (0.372–2.479)0.9330.782 (0.235–2.601)0.689
30 max–to–15 min ratio0.123 (0.141–0.910)0.0360.119 (0.006–2.503)0.1710.358 (0.064–1.995)0.241
  • Dependent variable: orthostatic hypotension; independent variables: age, sex, BMI, physical activity, A1C, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, ischemic ECG pattern, 30 max–to–15 min ratio, and antihypertensive use.