Table 1—

Anthropometric and metabolic measures of participants before dieting and after 4, 8, and 12 months of dieting

High-CHO diet group
High-MUFA diet group
Baseline4 months8 months12 monthsBaseline4 months8 months12 months
n (men/women)52 (17/35)43 (17/26)
Body weight (kg)102.1 ± 2.0*98.2 ± 2.098.3 ± 2.198.3 ± 2.0103.7 ± 2.8*99.2 ± 2.899.3 ± 2.999.7 ± 3.0
Lean body mass (kg)62.1 ± 1.5*61.6 ± 1.661.9 ± 1.661.3 ± 2.263.2 ± 2.2*62.5 ± 2.263.0 ± 2.262.5 ± 2.2
Body fat (kg)38.9 ± 1.0*36.5 ± 1.136.3 ± 1.137.1 ± 1.138.8 ± 1.3*35.6 ± 1.636.3 ± 1.436.9 ± 1.4
Blood pressure (mmHg)130/77 ± 2.0/1.6*128/73 ± 2.2/1.4130/74 ± 2.3/1.1129/73 ± 2.3/1.4132/78 ± 2.3/1.4*128/73 ± 2.7/1.2127/75 ± 2.4/1.3130/73 ± 2.4/1.5
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)178 ± 4.9183 ± 5.1188 ± 5.5180 ± 5.2179 ± 7.2177 ± 6.3182 ± 6.4184 ± 6.5
Triglycerides (mg/dl)182 ± 17.9179 ± 14.9174 ± 12.7177 ± 17.4202 ± 17.3188 ± 14.6197 ± 27.2201 ± 20.0
LDL (mg/dl)100 ± 4.6103 ± 4.9107 ± 5.197 ± 4.9104 ± 7.099 ± 6.5104 ± 5.9101 ± 6.1
HDL (mg/dl)43 ± 1.4*44 ± 1.446 ± 1.448 ± 1.442 ± 1.2*44 ± 1.246 ± 1.347 ± 1.3
A1C (%)7.2 ± 0.1*6.8 ± 0.17.1 ± 0.27.2 ± 0.27.4 ± 0.1*6.8 ± 0.27.0 ± 0.27.5 ± 0.3
Glucose (mg/dl)135 ± 4.7*122 ± 4.4137 ± 7.3127 ± 5.5150 ± 7.0*130 ± 6.4141 ± 7.7142 ± 8.1
Insulin (pmol/l)314 ± 37.1*283 ± 23.4260 ± 23.9287 ± 26.7309 ± 25.4*244 ± 17.2217 ± 14.7251 ± 23.6
HOMA-IR7.6 ± 0.6*7.0 ± 0.67.4 ± 0.97.6 ± 0.89.2 ± 0.8*6.7 ± 0.66.7 ± 0.87.8 ± 1.0
  • Data are means ± SEM.

  • *

    * Variables with significant time effects, P < 0.01.

  • HOMA-IR = insulin (units per milliliter) × glucose (millimoles per liter) ÷ 22.5.