Table 1—

Regional distribution of clinical profile and care practices in patients with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes

Asia
Eastern Europe
Latin America
All type 1 diabetic patientsAll type 2 diabetic patients
Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
n5105,3769142,6054041,7121,8989,901
Clinical profile
    Age (years)35.0 ± 13.557.1 ± 11.735.2 ± 12.559.0 ± 10.040.8 ± 16.861.6 ± 11.436.4 ± 14.058.4 ± 11.30
    BMI (kg/m2)
        Men22.0 ± 3.725.5 ± 3.924.0 ± 3.428.4 ± 4.224.6 ± 3.728.1 ± 4.423.6 ± 3.726.6 ± 4.3
        Women22.1 ± 3.325.9 ± 4.423.4 ± 3.630.1 ± 5.024.2 ± 4.329.0 ± 5.3023.3 ± 3.827.8 ± 5.2
    Waist circumference (cm)
        Men81 ± 10.192.2 ± 11.586.7 ± 10.8101.5 ± 12.787.9 ± 12.6100.8 ± 12.685.4 ± 11.395.9 ± 12.7
        Women75.9 ± 10.188.6 ± 12.579.1 ± 11.399.4 ± 14.183.0 ± 15.195.6 ± 13.679.4 ± 12.693.2 ± 14.1
    Time since diagnosis (years)9.7 ± 7.78.1 ± 6.811.0 ± 8.88.0 ± 7.014.4 ± 10.810.0 ± 8.311.5 ± 9.28.4 ± 7.2
    A1C (%)8.6 ± 2.17.7 ± 1.78.0 ± 1.97.9 ± 1.98.3 ± 1.97.9 ± 1.88.3 ± 2.07.8 ± 1.8
Care practices
    Has health coverage322 (63.3)3,038 (58.2)354 (99.2)911 (99.3)314 (80.1)1,235 (75.8)1,045 (79.0)5,355 (67.3)
    >6 physician visits per year178 (43.2)1,697 (38.7)242 (28.2)441 (19.1)86 (27.2)304 (24.3)506 (30.7)2,442 (30.0)
    Trained by diabetes educator386 (76.6)2,927 (55.8)837 (92.6)1,782 (70.2)261 (66.4)806 (48.0)1,515 (81.1)5,624 (58.2)
    Member of diabetes association58 (12.0)336 (6.5)179 (20.0)217 (8.5)60 (15.2)165 (10.0)299 (16.3)723 (7.6)
    Regularly self-monitors blood glucose327 (63.9)1,597 (29.7)737 (81.4)926 (35.7)299 (74.0)659 (38.5)1,385 (73.3)3,205 (32.4)
    Has never been screened for
        Cardiovascular disease136 (26.9)1,051 (19.8)99 (11.0)222 (8.7)112 (28.4)326 (19.5)369 (19.8)1,618 (16.6)
        Retinopathy74 (14.7)1,314 (24.9)43 (4.8)274 (10.7)55 (14.0)388 (23.3)176 (9.5)1,991 (20.5)
        Neuropathy117 (23.3)1,423 (27.0)86 (9.6)468 (18.3)107 (27.2)549 (33.0)330 (17.8)2,495 (25.8)
        Microalbuminuria113 (22.5)1,883 (35.8)213 (24.0)985 (38.9)78 (19.8)535 (32.1)430 (23.2)3,478 (36.0)
        Diabetic foot ulcer114 (22.7)1,406 (26.7)112 (12.5)443 (17.3)87 (22.1)398 (24.0)328 (17.7)2,288 (23.6)
        Lipid abnormalities57 (11.3)686 (13.0)54 (6.0)155 (6.1)44 (11.2)166 (9.9)171 (9.2)1,024 (10.5)
    A1C monitored ever415 (81.1)3,438 (64.0)666 (73.1)1,444 (55.8)328 (81.4)1,292 (75.5)1,469 (77.6)6,346 (64.2)
    A1C <7%85 (21.0)1,268 (37.3)201 (31.3)510 (36.0)65 (21.1)453 (36.0)358 (25.3)2,272 (36.4)
    Blood pressure <130/80 mmHg236 (47.4)1,150 (21.8)395 (43.8)313 (12·0.1)174 (44.1)374 (22.1)835 (44.9)1,873 (19.2)
    LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl96 (39.0)1,018 (37.0)136 (41.5)294 (25.5)80 (37.4)330 (31.6)317 (39.5)1,661 (33.2)
    HDL cholesterol >40 mg/dl228 (84.1)1,878 (64.4)370 (78.4)944 (64.5)190 (82.3)701 (63.4)799 (80.7)3,585 (64.4)
    Triglycerides <150 mg/dl213 (73.2)1,754 (51.4)511 (70.5)977 (44.6)204 (77.9)643 (48.2)966 (73.1)3,488 (49.0)
    A1C <7%, blood pressure <130/80 mmHg, and LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl14 (6.8)96 (4.7)28 (9.6)12 (1.3)10 (5.4)34 (3.8)52 (7.5)142 (3.6)
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).