Table 2—

Baseline characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes before intervention by randomization group

Usual-care groupIntervention group
n4142
Age (years)57.657.0
Female (%)51.247.6
Non-Hispanic white (%)73.089.7
Insulin use (%)39.038.1
Baseline values of outcomes
    GHb (%)7.98.2
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)133.0133.3
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.076.3
    Total cholesterol (mg/dl)192.7188.8
    Outpatient visits (n)10.39.6
        Primary care, annual (n)3.34.3
        Specialty care, annual (n)7.05.3
    Inpatient days (n)0.70.3
  • Data are means unless otherwise indicated.