Table 1—

Food groups strongly associated with food pattern score and their characteristics (n = 880)

Food groupsScore characteristics
Quartiles of simplified food pattern score (servings/day)
Ptrend
Factor loading*Standard score parameterPearson's correlation coefficientExplained variation in score1234
Red meats§0.420.300.6419.290.3 ± 0.30.7 ± 0.41.1 ± 0.51.8 ± 0.8<0.0001
Low-fiber bread and cereal0.410.290.6218.120.5 ± 0.40.9 ± 0.61.4 ± 0.82.3 ± 1.2<0.0001
Dried beans0.290.050.432.350.1 ± 0.10.2 ± 0.20.3 ± 0.20.6 ± 0.5<0.0001
Fried potatoes#0.250.040.381.520.0 ± 0.10.1 ± 0.10.2 ± 0.20.3 ± 0.3<0.0001
Tomato vegetables**0.230.210.357.430.3 ± 0.30.6 ± 0.40.8 ± 0.51.1 ± 0.6<0.0001
Eggs††0.230.030.351.160.1 ± 0.10.1 ± 0.20.2 ± 0.20.4 ± 0.4<0.0001
Cheese‡‡0.230.110.343.650.1 ± 0.20.3 ± 0.30.5 ± 0.40.7 ± 0.5<0.0001
Cottage cheese§§0.220.300.3410.110.0 ± 0.10.0 ± 0.10.2 ± 0.10.1 ± 0.2<0.0001
Wine‖‖−0.21−0.28−0.339.160.4 ± 0.70.1 ± 0.20.1 ± 0.20.1 ± 0.2<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise.

  • *

    * Factor loading obtained directly from reduced rank regression procedure.

  • Standardized parameters obtained from multiple linear regression of food groups on original food pattern score.

  • Explained variation is calculated by multiplication of the standardized parameters with the empirically calculated Pearson's correlation coefficient × 100.

  • §

    § Red meat: hamburgers, cheeseburgers, meat loaf, picadillo, carne guisada (asada); beef (steaks, roasts, etc., including on sandwiches); beef stew or pot pie with carrots or other vegetables; pork, including chops, roasts, or ribs; ham, ham hocks (including ham on sandwiches); game, including venison, rabbit; liver, including chicken livers; burritos, including breakfast burritos, soft taco with flour tortillas; green chili con carne; Asian food; liverwurst; hot dogs (include pork, beef, turkey); bologna, salami, Spam, other lunch meats (excluding ham); bacon; sausage, chorizo; veal, lamb; Italian sausage; pate.

  • Low-fiber bread and cereal: white bread, biscuits, flour and corn tortilla, corn bread, fortified cereal, cold cereal, sweetened cereal, cooked cereal, pizza, burritos, enchiladas, tacos.

  • Dried beans: refried beans (as side dish, not including those in burritos, etc.); other beans such as pintos, black beans, garbanzo beans, baked beans, or lentils; burritos, including breakfast burritos, soft taco with flour tortillas; chili with beans.

  • #

    # Fried potatoes: french fries, fried potatoes.

  • **

    ** Tomato vegetables: tomatoes, tomato juice; salsa picante, taco sauce; spaghetti, lasagna, other pasta or mixed dishes with tomatoes or tomato sauce; pizza; enchiladas, tamales, tacos, tostades, chalupas, other Mexican dishes with corn tortillas; vegetable and tomato soup.

  • ††

    †† Eggs: eggs, omelets, frittata.

  • ‡‡

    ‡‡ Cheese: pizza; mixed dish with cheese (including macaroni and cheese, chili rellenos, cheese quesadillas quiche); enchiladas, tamales, tacos, tostades, chalupas, other Mexican dishes with corn tortillas, including nachos with chili and cheese (0.5); cream soups (0.5); cheese (cheddar, American, cream cheese, parmesan, Velveeta, other cheeses or cheese spreads; including on sandwiches or as snacks).

  • §§

    §§ Cottage cheese: cottage cheese, ricotta cheese.

  • ‖‖

    ‖‖ Wine includes both red and white wine.