Table 1—

Anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of the study population

NGTIFGIGTCGITotal populationANOVA
n1,1109491232602,442
Sex (female/male)661/449427/52272/51155/1051,315/1,127<0.0001
Age (years)45 ± 146 ± 150 ± 252 ± 146 ± 0.3<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)24.1 ± 0.723.5 ± 0.324.9 ± 0.225.6 ± 0.225.8 ± 0.08<0.0001
Waist (cm)84.5 ± 0.488.4 ± 0.490.1 ± 1.192.7 ± 0.887.2 ± 0.24<0.0001
FPG (mg/dl)92 ± 1108 ± 193 ± 1110 ± 1100 ± 0.2<0.0001
2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)99 ± 1109 ± 1158 ± 2158 ± 1112 ± 0.6<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.4 ± 0.035.6 ± 0.045.6 ± 0.095.8 ± 0.075.6 ± 0.02<0.01
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.42 ± 0.011.37 ± 0.031.33 ± 0.031.29 ± 0.021.38 ± 0.01<0.05
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.15 ± 0.021.31 ± 0.031.51 ± 0.081.65 ± 0.061.28 ± 0.02<0.05
Blood pressure (mmHg)125/77129/78132/81139/83128/78<0.001
Metabolic syndrome (%)8.130.522.855.422.6<0.0001
No. converted to diabetes27481435124<0.0001
% converted to diabetes2.45.111.513.55.1<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise.